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Learning Guitar Chords | Teach Yourself Guitar Now

Learning Guitar Chords

In order for you to be able to start learning guitar chords, you must have the basic knowledge on what is a chord and how can it be produced.


A chord is a combination of tones which produce the melody when it is played on a guitar. The chords of a guitar consists of different notes that are played one string at a time. It doesn’t matter whether you are using the plucking or strumming method. Chords are played either two or three notes, or even more. Some chords are played with only one note.

There two kinds of chords mainly the minor and major. The basic primary chords are the C,A,G,E,D or CAGED. If you are a beginner learning guitar chords, you need to master the CAGED pattern first. Many people who mastered these basic chords agrees that it makes it easier to learn other more difficult chords.

Reading a Guitar Chord Diagram

The most basic thing that you need to know when learning guitar chords is to learn how to read the chord chart or chord diagram. A chord diagram is an illustration with instructions on how to play a particular chord.

Following the CAGED pattern

Imagine yourself looking at a guitar when you start learning guitar chords. Now put your attention at the fret board. You’ll notice that a whole fret board is composed of 6 strings attached to it. These strings are the ones making it possible to produce the chords and melody. If you’re going to focus on fingering first, you might as well memorize the different chords produced in every fret. There are five basic and easy chords that will assist you when you learn other harder chords.

How to Read Guitar Chord Diagrams

Here is a simple explanation of the symbols used in chord diagrams:

* The 6 vertical lines represent the 6 guitar strings.

* The horizontal lines represent the frets that you can find on the guitar.

* An O above a string means that string is played open.

* A black dot on a vertical line indicates where you have to position your finger.

* A number near a horizontal line indicates a fret number

Basic guitar chords


There are many times beginners complain how pain their fingers felt after finishing one session learning guitar chords. This is to be expected. If you don’t feel any pain, it means that you are not playing the guitar correctly. The right way to carry out fingering is to press your fingertips hard on the strings. When you hear a buzzing sound or the echo is not going the way it should sound, try to press harder on the strings.


1) Keep short fingernails when learning guitar chords. This will make it easier when you need to press the strings correctly.

2) Do not let your fingers lie down while playing because it will tend to mute some strings. Most newbies make this mistake.

3) Make sure that your fingertips are the ones that are pressing the strings. Maintain the straight arch. You might feel exhausted, painful and difficult in the beginning but do not worry .

4) Always ensure that you press the notes together. Make sure that no strings are left out.

5) Always practice when you have the time each day or every other day. Try to memorize each chord pattern.

6) Be patient and do not rush yourself or else you will end up being frustrated when learning guitar chords.

Choose simple songs to play when you are just starting out. This is to ensure that you do not get overwhelmed when you start learning guitar chords.

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